Elephant - The African Elephant
is the largest living land mammal, one of the most impressive animals on earth. The Elephant's
muscular trunk serves as a nose, hand, extra foot, signaling device and a tool for gathering
food, siphoning water, dusting, digging and a variety of other functions.
Rhino - The rhinoceros is a large, primitive looking mammal
that in fact dates from the Miocene era millions of years ago. In recent decades rhinos have
been relentlessly hunted to the point of near extinction. Since 1970 the world rhino
population has declined by 90 percent, with five species remaining in the world today, all of
which are endangered.
Lion - Lions are the second largest members of the feline
family in the world. Lions are tan in colour and have a slightly white under-body, with a tuft
of black hair at the end of their tails. Lions have developed a social system based on
teamwork and a division of labour within the pride. The average pride consists of about 15
individuals, including five to 10 females with their young and two or three territorial males
that are usually brothers or pride mates.
Buffalo - Buffalo are extremely large, ox-like animals. To
support the large body, the legs are very heavy. Front hooves are larger than the hind because
of the extra mass they carry in the huge head and thick neck. Both sexes carry horns, which in
the males can grow to 1.5m. The African, or Cape, buffalo is a member of the "Big
Five". Once popular trophies for hunters, these animals are unpredictable and can be
dangerous if cornered or wounded.
Leopard - The most secretive and elusive of the large
carnivores, the leopard is also the shrewdest. It is the strongest climber of the large cats
and capable of killing prey larger than itself. Leopards are mainly nocturnal animals but are
also seen during the day, especially in the early mornings and late afternoons.